Photo courtesy of Google Earth
César Chávez and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. are among the names that will forever be linked to U.S. history. Their ability to unite people and fight for equality are deeply ingrained in this nation. They used various places around the U.S. as their stage throughout their journey. Today, some are even considered historic landmarks, such as the Forty Acres, a pinnacle for U.S. Latino history and farmworkers’ rights.
Though these historical locations are often forgotten, they are a concrete reminder of the struggles many people of color, including the Latino and Black community, have faced throughout the years.
Forty Acres, A Center For Revolution And Fraternity
In 1962, César Chávez and Dolores Huerta founded the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) – now United Farm Workers – to represent the Mexican-American farmers of California's San Joaquin Valley.
When Filipino-American workers refused to work picking grapes to demand fair wages, they sought the support of the NFWA. In 1966, during the ten-year grape strike in Delano, the NFWA purchased the Forty Acres property located in Delano, California that would later become the association's headquarters and offer various services and amenities to farmworkers.
The first construction done on the Forty Acres was a cooperative gas station. In 1968, Chavez used it to go on a hunger strike in support of the Filipino community suffering reprisals for the strike. Chávez later received the support of Martin Luther King Jr. and Senator Robert F. Kennedy who visited him at the site. The fast ended after 25 days, but it would not be Chavez's last. He repeated it in 1972 for 24 days and again in 1988 for 36 days.
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Reuther Hall at Forty Acres was the site where the signing of the contracts ended the Delano Strike. The contracts agreed to higher wages, protected farmworkers from pesticides, replaced the labor hiring system with union-run hiring halls, funded health care plans, established grievance procedures, required growers to provide drinking water and toilets in the fields, and established a fund for community service projects.
After the strike’s victory, the union headquarters were moved to The Tehachapi Mountains. However, Forty Acres continued to be a center for the farmer workers and offered a daycare center, a health clinic, and a retirement village for Filipino farmworkers.
Regarded for its historic victories that have improved the lives of thousands of people, Forty Acres was designated a National Historic Landmark on October 6, 2008.
Paolo Agbayani Retirement Village, Courtesy of nps.gov/Dennis Dahlin
- One of the four buildings at Forty Acres, The Paulo Agbayani Retirement Village, was built to provide to oldest Filipinos a place where they can spend their final years with dignity and respect. It was named after a worker who died of heart failure on a picket line.
- Dolores Huerta was the lead negotiator in the workers’ contract signing
- One of the NFWA's most successful boycotts was against Schenley Industries, which suffered a significant drop in sales in April 1966. The company's image was compromised by the boycott, which put pressure on the company to join the negotiating table.
Location: Delano, California
Address: 30168 Garces Hwy, Delano, California
Google 360-View: Visit the Forty Acres here.